The Himalaya is the highest mountain range in the world. It includes nine of the world’s 15 tallest peaks, and 31 mountains over 7,600 metres.
The name Himalaya means ‘abode of the snow’. Only the Arctic and Antarctic have more snow and ice than the Himalaya and there are approximately 15 thousand glaciers in the range.
Three of the world’s major rivers – the Indus, the Yangtze and the Ganges originate in the Himalaya. It is thought that these rivers are older than the mountain range itself.
The Himalaya is one of the ‘youngest’ mountain ranges on Earth. It was formed by tectonic plates crashing India into Tibet. There is still a lot of activity in the area and the range is believed to be moving around 20 milimetres every year – which means that the Himalaya have a very high number of earthquakes and tremors.
The Himalaya stretches across six countries: Bhutan, Tibet, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The range covers 75% of Nepal.